Two-Year Survivorship and Patient-Reported Outcomes of a Prospectively Enrolled Cohort of INFINITY Total Ankle Arthroplasties.

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Foot & ankle international / American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society [and] Swiss Foot and Ankle Society


BACKGROUND: The INFINITY total ankle implant is a widely and successfully used option for total ankle arthroplasty. The purpose of this study is to assess the 2-year survivorship, complication rates, patient-reported outcomes, and radiologic findings of prospectively enrolled patients undergoing a fixed-bearing total ankle arthroplasty (TAA). This study sought to determine if factors such as traditional vs patient-specific instrumentation, preoperative degree of arthritis, deformity, or etiology of arthritis impact surgical or clinical outcomes.

METHODS: A total of 143 prospectively enrolled patients (148 ankles) underwent TAA with a fixed-bearing total ankle implant between 2017 and 2019 at 9 different institutions by 9 different surgeons. A total of 116 completed 2-year follow-up. Patients were stratified by instrumentation used, degree of preoperative deformity, the Canadian Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society (COFAS) grading system, and etiology of arthritis. Outcomes used included implant survivorship and adverse events within 2 years of surgery. Additionally, patient-reported outcomes and radiographs were collected at 6-month, 1-year, and 2-year postoperatively. PROMs used included Ankle Osteoarthritis Score (AOS), Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS) global health score, the Foot and Ankle Outcome Score (FAOS), and patient satisfaction (rated from excellent to poor).

RESULTS: Implant survivorship at 2 years was 97.79%. There were 17 reoperations (11.5%), with 4 of the implants requiring revision (2.7%). Significant improvements in all PROMs were observed among all subgroups at all postoperative time points without significant variation between subgroups. Patients classified as COFAS type 2 arthritis preoperatively demonstrated significantly more improvement in FAOS Total Symptom Score at the 1- and 2-year measurements than COFAS type 3 patients at both time points.

CONCLUSION: Total ankle arthroplasty with a fixed-bearing implant system is a safe and reliable treatment option for patients with end-stage arthritis regardless of degree of deformity or COFAS grading.

LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level II, prospective cohort study.





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