Efficacy and Outcome Measurement of iFactor/ABM/P-15 in Lumbar Spine Surgery: A Systematic Review.

Document Type


Publication Date


Publication Title

Global spine journal


STUDY DESIGN: Systematic Review.

OBJECTIVES: To determine the efficacy and overall outcomes of iFactor/ABM/P-15 following lumbar spine surgery.

METHODS: We performed a search of the Cochrane Library, Medline Ovid, PubMed, and SCOPUS databases from inception until August 2023. Eligible studies included outcomes of patients receiving iFactor following lumbar spine surgery. The primary outcomes of interest were fusion rates and iFactor efficacy after lumbar surgery in patients who received iFactor. Secondary outcomes included patient-reported outcomes and complication rates.

RESULTS: A total of 766 titles were initially screened. After inclusion criteria were applied, 5 studies (388 patients) were included, which measured overall outcomes of iFactor/ABM/P-15 following lumbar spine surgery. These studies showed acceptable reliability for inclusion based on the Methodical Index for Non-Randomized studies and Critical Appraisal Skills Programme assessment tools. iFactor/ABM/P-15 facilitated significantly faster bone development in various procedures while maintaining favorable clinical outcomes compared to traditional grafts.

CONCLUSIONS: This systematic review found that iFactor/ABM/P-15 use for lumbar spine surgery maintains similar managing patient-reported outcomes relative to other grafting methods. In regard to rates of fusion, iFactor/ABM/P-15 showed a significantly faster rate of fusion when compared to traditional grafts including allograft, autograft, demineralized bone matrix (DBM), and recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein-2 (rhBMP-2). Future multicenter randomized control trials with larger sample sizes are recommended to further assess iFactor/ABM/P-15 efficacy in lumbar spine surgery.

First Page






PubMed ID