Effect of Instrumented Spine Surgery on Length of Stay.

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J Am Acad Orthop Surg Glob Res Rev


INTRODUCTION: Total joint arthroplasty studies have identified that surgeries that take place later in the week have a longer length of stay compared with those earlier in the week. This has not been demonstrated in studies focused on anterior cervical diskectomy and fusions or minimally invasive lumbar laminectomies. All-inclusive instrumented spine surgeries, however, have not been analyzed. The purpose of this study was to determine whether day of surgery affects length of stay and whether there are predictive patient characteristics that affect length of stay in instrumented spine surgery.

METHODS: All instrumented spine surgeries in 2019 at a single academic tertiary center were retrospectively reviewed. Patients were categorized for surgical day and discharge disposition to home or a rehabilitation facility. Differences by patient characteristics in length of stay and discharge disposition were compared using Kruskal-Wallis and chi square tests along with multiple comparisons.

RESULTS: Seven hundred six patients were included in the analysis. Excluding Saturday, there were no differences in length of stay based on the day of surgery. Age older than 75 years, female, American Society of Anesthesiology (ASA) classification of 3 or 4, and an increased Charlson Comorbidity Index were all associated with a notable increase in length of stay. While most of the patients were discharged home, discharge to a rehabilitation facility stayed, on average, 4.7 days longer (6.8 days compared with 2.1 days, on average) and were associated with an age older than 66 years old, an ASA classification of 3 or 4, and a Charlson Comorbidity Index of 1 to 3.

CONCLUSIONS: Day of surgery does not affect length of stay in instrumented spine surgeries. Discharge to a rehabilitation facility, however, did increase the length of stay as did age older than 75 years, higher ASA classification, and increased Charlson Comorbidity Index classification.





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