A 7-year perspective on femoral neck fracture management in New York State-Do Level 1 trauma centers provide better care?
INTRODUCTION: Patients with femoral neck fractures are at a substantial risk for medical complications and all-cause mortality. Given this trend, our study aims to evaluate postoperative outcomes and the economic profile associated with femoral neck fractures managed at level-1 (L1TC) and non-level-1-trauma centers (nL1TC).
METHODS: The SPARCS database was queried for all geriatric patients sustaining atraumatic femoral neck fractures within New York State between 2011 and 2017. Patients were then divided into two cohorts depending on the treating facility's trauma center designation: L1TC versus nL1TC. Patient samples were evaluated for trends and relationships using descriptive analysis, Student's t-tests, and Chi-squared. Multivariable linear-regressions were utilized to assess the effect of trauma center designation and potential confounders on patient mortality and inpatient healthcare expenses.
RESULTS: In total, 44,085 femoral neck fractures operatively managed at 161 medical centers throughout New York during a 7-year period. 4,974 fractures were managed at L1TC while 39,111 were treated at nL1TC. Following multivariate regression analysis, management at L1TC was the most significant cost driver, resulting in an average increased cost of $6,330.74 per fracture.
CONCLUSION: Our results suggest that femoral neck fractures treated at L1TC have more comorbidities, higher in-hospital mortality, longer LOS, and greater hospital costs.
Online ahead of print
Anoushiravani AA, Posner AD, Gheewala RA, Feng JE, Chisena EN. A 7-year perspective on femoral neck fracture management in New York State-Do Level 1 trauma centers provide better care? Injury. 2023 Apr 21:S0020-1383(23)00361-3. doi: 10.1016/j.injury.2023.04.025. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 37183086.