Irrigation Solutions in Total Joint Arthroplasty.
Spartan Medical Research Journal
INTRODUCTION: Despite advancements in the field of adult reconstruction, prosthetic joint infection (PJI) remains a common and devastating complication of total joint arthroplasty. Eradication of these infections can often prove difficult, and they remain a source of considerable morbidity and mortality. This clinical review paper will focus on some of the more commonly used irrigation solutions; povidone-iodine (PI), chlorhexidine (CHG), acetic acid (AA), hydrogen peroxide (HP), antibiotic irrigations, taurolidine, and polyhexanide-betaine (PB).
SUMMARY OF THE EVIDENCE: Significant research has been performed on the prevention of PJI, including use of intraoperative joint irrigation solutions. Several solutions have been theorized to aid in infection prevention, but no evidence-based practice guidelines in this area of orthopaedics have been established. There is a paucity of prospective randomized control trials to compare the efficacy of these joint irrigation solutions.
CONCLUSIONS: The authors present a review regarding seven major categories of commonly used intraoperative joint irrigation solutions. The current literature fails to demonstrate a clear consensus for a preferred solution and concentration for povidone-iodine, chlorhexidine, hydrogen peroxide, acetic acid, antibiotic irrigations, taurolidine, and polyhexanide-betaine. Prospective, randomized control trials directly comparing these different irrigation solutions are needed.
Caid M, Valk J, Danoff J. Irrigation solutions in total joint arthroplasty. Spartan Med Res J. 2022 Sep 6;7(2):37502. doi: 10.51894/001c.37502. PMID: 36128028.