Magnetic resonance imaging overestimates patellar height compared with radiographs.
Knee surgery, sports traumatology, arthroscopy : official journal of the ESSKA
PURPOSE: To evaluate the inter-observer and inter-method reliability for patellar height measurements between conventional radiographs (CR) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) using one or two slices.
METHODS: This was a reliability study, with 60 patients divided in two groups: 30 patients with patellar instability (patella group) and 30 patients with anterior cruciate ligament or meniscus injury (control group). CR and MRI were evaluated by two independent observers. Insall-Salvati index (IS) and Caton-Deschamps index (CD) were measured using three different methods: CR, one-slice MRI or two-slice MRI. Intra-class correlation coefficients (ICC) were calculated for inter-observer reliability and inter-method reliability. Bland-Altman agreement was also calculated.
RESULTS: The inter-observer reliability was very good for the IS with ICCs of 0.93, 0.84 and 0.82, for the CR, one-slice MRI and two-slice MRI, respectively. Similarly, for the CD the ICCs were good, 0.76, 0.80 and 0.75 for the CR, one-slice MRI and two-slice MRI, respectively. No differences were found between the patella and the control group. The inter-method analysis results were: ICCs for IS (0.83, 0.86, 0.93) and CD (0.72, 0.82, 0.83), for the comparisons of CR/one-slice MR, CR/two-slice MRI and one-slice MRI/two-slice MRI, respectively. The Bland-Altman mean differences showed an 8% and a 7% increase on IS values with one-slice MRI and two-slice MRI compared to CR results, while the increase was of 9% and 1% in CD for the respective comparisons with CR.
CONCLUSION: MRI can overestimate patellar height compared to CR, as much as an 8% increase in Insall-Salvati values when using one- or two-slice MRI measurements, and up to a 9% increase in Caton-Deschamps value when using the one-slice MRI method. It is recommended to use the CR as the preferred method when measuring patellar height.
LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: III.
Martinez-Cano JP, Gobbi RG, Giglio PN, Arendt E, Costa GB, Hinckel BB. Magnetic resonance imaging overestimates patellar height compared with radiographs. Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc. 2022 Oct;30(10):3461-3469. doi: 10.1007/s00167-022-06953-0. PMID: 35357529.