Outcomes of rotator cuff repair with concurrent microfracture of focal glenohumeral osteoarthritis.

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Journal of shoulder and elbow surgery


BACKGROUND: The benefit of rotator cuff repair (RCR) in patients with concurrent osteoarthritic changes remains unclear. RCR has the theoretical potential to increase the compressive force across the glenohumeral joint, further exacerbating osteoarthritis pain. The purpose of this study is to investigate pain relief and patient-reported outcomes of patients undergoing simultaneous RCR and microfracture of focal glenohumeral osteoarthritis.

METHODS: Thirty-four patients undergoing simultaneous RCR and microfracture were retrospectively reviewed at a minimum 1-year follow-up. Patient demographics, preoperative range of motion, functional outcomes (visual analog scale [VAS], Single Assessment Numeric Evaluation [SANE], American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons Standardized Shoulder Assessment Form [ASES], and Simple Shoulder Test [SST]), and operative metrics were recorded. The patients were then contacted to obtain postoperative functional outcome scores (VAS, SANE, ASES, and SST).

RESULTS: Twenty-seven patients (11 male/16 female [79%]) were evaluated at a mean follow-up of 25.8 months (range, 12-46). The average age at surgery was 64.9 years (range, 56-78). Chronic tears were more common than acute tears (57.7% vs. 42.3%). The majority of patients had a full rotator cuff tear (89%) involving a mean 1.7 ± 0.8 tendons (range, 1-3). Eighty-eight percent of the humeral lesions were Outerbridge 4 compared with 84% on the glenoid. The mean estimated involvement between the 2 groups with 38.4% ± 18.4% of the humeral head involved and 34.6% ± 18.4% of the glenoid involved. PRO scores improved postoperatively with a reduction in mean VAS (6.6-2.0, P < .01), SANE (33.8-79.8, P < .01), ASES (38.0-80.9, P < .01), and SST (3.07-9.70, P < .01) scores. Cumulatively, only 52% (14/27) of the patients improved, however, by the MCID for all collected PROs.

CONCLUSIONS: Our results demonstrate modest improvements in postoperative pain and functional scores at a minimum of 1-year follow-up in a cohort of patients who have undergone RCR and glenohumeral microfracture. In cases of small focal lesions of full-thickness cartilage loss, RCR with microfracture is a reasonable treatment option; however, patients should be counseled on expectations accordingly.





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