Title

Tibial torsion correlates with talar morphology.

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

4-18-2021

Publication Title

Foot and Ankle Surgery

Abstract

BACKGROUND: There is limited literature on axial rotation of the ankle or variations in anatomy of the talus. We aim to evaluate the rotational profile of the distal tibia and its relationship to talus morphology, radiographic foot-type, and tibiotalar tilt in arthritic ankles.

METHODS: Preoperative imaging was reviewed in 173 consecutive patients with ankle arthritis. CT measurements were used to calculate tibial torsion and the talar neck-body angle (TNBA). Tibiotalar tilt and foot-type were measured on weightbearing plain radiographs.

RESULTS: Measurements indicated mean external tibial torsion of 29.2±9.1˚ and TNBA of 35.2±7.5˚ medial. Tibiotalar tilt ranged from 48˚ varus to 23.5˚ valgus. A moderate association between increasing external tibial torsion and decreasing TNBA was found (ρ=-0.576, p<.0001). Weak relationships were found between external tibial torsion and varus tibiotalar tilt (ρ=-0.239, p=.014) and plantarflexion of the talo-first metatarsal angle (ρ=-0.218, p<.025).

CONCLUSION: We observed a statistically significant correlation between tibial torsion and morphology of the talus, tibiotalar tilt, and first ray plantarflexion. This previously unreported association may provide information regarding the development of foot and ankle deformity and pathology.

LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level III.

Volume

S1268-7731

Issue

21

First Page

00085-0

Last Page

00085-0

DOI

10.1016/j.fas.2021.04.007

ISSN

1460-9584

PubMed ID

33888396

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