Simultaneous Dexamethasone Intravitreal Implant And Anti-VEGF Therapy For Neovascular Age-Related Macular Degeneration Resistant To Anti-VEGF Monotherapy.

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PURPOSE: To evaluate the efficacy of a dexamethasone intravitreal implant in combination with intravitreal anti-VEGF agents for treatment resistant neovascular age-related macular degeneration (nvAMD).

METHODS: This study was designed as a single-center, retrospective interventional case series. Consecutive patients with treatment-resistant nvAMD underwent simultaneous combined injection of anti-VEGF agent and dexamethasone intravitreal implant. Eighteen patients with mean age of 81.5 years were included. Patients received average of 26.3 anti-VEGF injections before dual therapy, with mean follow up of 8.2 months after dual therapy.

RESULTS: Dual therapy produced a significant mean decrease in CFT (126.3 μm), compared to a mean increase of 29.9 μm when treated with anti-VEGF monotherapy (p=0.0017). Patients also had mean decrease in MCV of -0.85 mm

CONCLUSIONS: Combined treatment of anti-VEGF with the dexamethasone intravitreal implant is a viable alternative for treatment-resistant nvAMD, and may reduce treatment burden. Earlier treatment with dual therapy may be beneficial to maximize anatomic and visual outcomes in these patients.


Atlantic Eye Symposium, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada, September 29-30, 2017.