Pneumatic Retinopexy Experience and Outcomes of Vitreoretinal Fellows in the United States: A Multicenter Study.
Objective: To evaluate the outcomes of patients undergoing pneumatic retinopexy (PR) performed by vitreoretinal fellows at 6 academic centers in the United States.
Design: Retrospective, multicenter, consecutive case series.
Participants: 483 patients with primary retinal detachments who underwent PR by 49 vitreoretinal fellows from 6 U.S. training sites between 2002 and 2016.
Methods: We reviewed medical records of patients and recorded baseline clinical characteristics (age, sex, baseline visual acuity, lens status, presence of lattice degeneration, presence of vitreous hemorrhage, location of retinal breaks, macular status, and size of detachment), visual and anatomic outcomes at 3-months after PR, as well as training level and PR experience of the fellow at the time of the procedure.
Main Outcome Measures: Single-procedure anatomic success and visual acuity at 3-months follow-up, and association with clinical and training-related factors.
Results: Vitreoretinal fellows performed a variable number of PR, with a median of 7 cases per fellow (range 1-24). Single-procedure anatomic success was 66.8%, and mean LogMAR visual outcome was 0.43 (Snellen equivalent 20/54) at 3 months. Factors that were independently associated with single-procedure success include phakic lens status (P = 0.01), smaller size of retinal detachment (P = 0.02), and the fellow's procedure experience (P = 0.01). The only factor associated with worse visual outcome was baseline visual acuity (P < 0.001).
Conclusion: Vitreoretinal fellows perform variably few pneumatic retinopexies but have outcomes comparable to reported rates by experienced specialists. Procedure experience of individual fellows may impact anatomic outcomes.
Emami-Naeini P, Deaner J, Ali F, Gogte P, Kaplan R, Chen KC, Nudleman E, Grewal DS, Gupta M, Wolfe JD, Klufas M, Yiu G; Academic Vitreoretinal Training Centers Study Group. Pneumatic Retinopexy Experience and Outcomes of Vitreoretinal Fellows in the United States: A Multicenter Study. Ophthalmol Retina. 2019 Feb;3(2):140-145. doi: 10.1016/j.oret.2018.09.010. Epub 2018 Sep 20. PMID: 30931417; PMCID: PMC6435286.