Simultaneous Dexamethasone Intravitreal Implant and Anti-VEGF Therapy for Neovascular Age-Related Macular Degeneration Resistant To Anti-VEGF Monotherapy

Document Type


Publication Date



PURPOSE: To evaluate the efficacy of a dexamethasone intravitreal implant in combination with intravitreal anti-VEGF agents for treatment resistant neovascular age-related macular degeneration (nvAMD).

METHODS: This study was designed as a single-center, retrospective interventional case series. Consecutive patients with treatment-resistant nvAMD underwent simultaneous combined injection of anti-VEGF agent and dexamethasone intravitreal implant. Eighteen patients with mean age of 81.5 years were included. Patients received average of 26.3 anti-VEGF injections before dual therapy, with mean follow up of 8.2 months after dual therapy.

RESULTS: Dual therapy produced a significant mean decrease in CFT (126.3 μm), compared to a mean increase of 29.9 μm when treated with anti-VEGF monotherapy (p=0.0017). Patients also had mean decrease in MCV of -0.85 mm

CONCLUSIONS: Combined treatment of anti-VEGF with the dexamethasone intravitreal implant is a viable alternative for treatment-resistant nvAMD, and may reduce treatment burden. Earlier treatment with dual therapy may be beneficial to maximize anatomic and visual outcomes in these patients.