Late Vitreoretinal Complications of Regressed Retinopathy of Prematurity: Retinal Break, Vitreous Hemorrhage, and Retinal Detachment

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Ophthalmology. Retina


PURPOSE: To investigate late vitreoretinal complications and visual outcomes in patients with regressed retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) with or without prior treatment.

DESIGN: International, multicenter, noncomparative retrospective case series.

PARTICIPANTS: We analyzed 264 eyes of 238 patients from 13 centers worldwide who developed vitreoretinal complications (retinal detachment [RD], vitreous hemorrhage [VH], or retinal break) ≥ 2 years after resolution of acute ROP.

METHODS: Each participant was assigned to 1 of 3 groups (the RD, VH, and retinal break groups) according to their primary diagnosis. The average age at presentation, visual acuities, refractive error, axial length, gestational age, birth weight, acute ROP classification, prior treatments for acute ROP, postoperative visual acuity (VA), and concomitant eye conditions in the 3 groups were documented and compared.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Clinical features and visual outcomes of late vitreoretinal complications in patients with regressed ROP.

RESULTS: A total of 264 eyes of 238 patients were included. The prior acute ROP status was comparable among the 3 groups, except that the VH group had a higher proportion of patients with type 1 ROP (P = 0.03) and prior treatment (P < 0.001) than the other groups. The average age at presentation was earlier in the RD (20.3 ± 15.5 years) and VH (21.4 ± 18.9 years) groups than in the retinal break group (31.9 ± 18.2 years; P < 0.001). The retinal break group had the best presenting best-corrected VA, followed by the RD and VH groups (P < 0.001). Surgical intervention improved VA in both the RD and VH groups (both P < 0.05). The overall trend of VA was the most favorable in the retinal break group, followed by that in the VH and RD groups. Cicatricial changes in the fellow retina were observed in > 90% of patients with unilateral involvement.

CONCLUSIONS: Infants with acute ROP remain at a high risk of vision-threatening complications throughout childhood and adulthood. Continual follow-up of patients with ROP is important. When severe complications, such as RD or VH, are detected, timely surgical intervention is necessary to ensure favorable visual outcomes in these patients.





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