Glaucoma after Lens-Sparing Vitrectomy for Advanced Retinopathy of Prematurity.

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PURPOSE: To report the incidence of, and factors related to, glaucoma after lens-sparing vitrectomy (LSV) surgery in advanced retinopathy of prematurity (ROP).

DESIGN: Retrospective case series at a single tertiary referral pediatric vitreoretinal practice.

PARTICIPANTS: Four hundred and one eyes from 270 patients were included.

METHODS: The medical records of patients who underwent LSV for stage 4A, 4B, and 5 ROP were retrospectively reviewed. Data were collected from patient charts including gender, gestational age at birth, birthweight, stage of ROP at presentation, prior treatment (laser or cryotherapy), subsequent retinal surgeries, presence of glaucoma, time to glaucoma (interval between LSV and the onset of glaucoma), date of lensectomy (if performed), and retinal attachment status at last visit. Lensectomy was considered as a time-dependent covariate in the analysis.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Incidence of glaucoma and potential risk factors for time to glaucoma.

RESULTS: Among 401 eyes with advanced ROP, 40 eyes (10.0%) had glaucoma during a mean of 3.06±4.11 years of follow-up. The incidence of glaucoma was 6.9% (17/247) in stage 4A, 12.0% (16/133) in stage 4B, and 33.3% (7/21) in stage 5 ROP. Twenty-one percent of eyes (87/401) required lensectomy at a mean of 1.23±2.19 years after LSV. In univariate analysis, having stage 5 ROP (vs. stage 4 ROP) and presence of lensectomy were found to be significantly associated with time to glaucoma (hazard ratio = 6.76, 95% confidence interval = 2.19-20.88, P = 0.001; hazard ratio = 3.06, 95% confidence interval = 1.56-6.0, P = 0.001, respectively). In multivariate analysis, lensectomy was the only significant independent factor associated with time to glaucoma (hazard ratio = 2.76, 95% confidence interval = 1.371-5.581, P = 0.004).

CONCLUSIONS: Patients with more severe ROP had a higher incidence of glaucoma after lens-sparing vitrectomy. If a patient required lensectomy owing to progression of ROP and/or presence of lens opacity, then the hazard of having glaucoma significantly increased compared with those without lensectomy.





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