7-Gauge pars plana/plicata vitrectomy for pediatric vitreoretinal surgery
Retina (Philadelphia, Pa.)
PURPOSE: To report on the feasibility of 27-gauge (G) vitrectomy for pediatric patients.
METHODS: This study is an international, multicenter, retrospective, interventional case series. Participants were patients 17 years or younger who underwent 27-G vitrectomy for various indications.
RESULTS: The records of 56 eyes from 47 patients were reviewed. Mean age was 5.7 ± 5.2 years. Diagnoses included retinopathy of prematurity (Stages 3 with vitreous hemorrhage, 4A, 4B, and 5), Terson's syndrome, traumatic macular hole, posterior capsular opacification, endophthalmitis, and others. Instruments used were the 27-G infusion, 27-G vitreous cutter, 27-G light pipe, and 27-G internal limiting membrane forceps. Instrument bending was noted in one (1.8%) case. There were no cases with intraoperative complications, infusion issues, or postoperative endophthalmitis. There were 67/145 (46%) sclerotomies that required suturing, of which most (51/145) were sutured out of precaution. There were four cases (7.1%) that required conversion to a larger gauge and three cases (5.3%) that developed postoperative hypotony. Mean visual acuity improved from logarithm of the minimum angle of resolution 1.32 (20/420) to 0.72 (20/105), after a mean follow-up of 125.1 days (P = 0.01). Anatomic success was achieved in 96.4% of eyes after a single surgery.
CONCLUSION: Twenty-seven-gauge vitrectomy was safe and feasible in selected pediatric vitreoretinopathies. Further studies are warranted to examine indications and outcomes.
Ung C, Yonekawa Y, Chung MM, Berrocal AM, Kusaka S, Oshima Y, et al. [Wolfe JD, Hassan TS, Capone A Jr]. 27-Gauge pars plana/plicata vitrectomy for pediatric vitreoretinal surgery. Retina. 2023 Feb 1;43(2):238-242. doi: 10.1097/IAE.0000000000003662. PMID: 36695796.