Advances in magnetic resonance imaging of orbital disease.
Canadian journal of ophthalmology. Journal canadien d'ophtalmologie
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is increasingly used by the orbital surgeon to aid in the diagnosis, surgical planning, and monitoring of orbital disease. MRI provides superior soft tissue detail compared with computed tomography or ultrasound, and advancing techniques enhance its ability to highlight abnormal orbital pathology. Diffusion-weighted imaging is a specialized technique that uses water molecule diffusion patterns in tissue to generate contrast signals and can help distinguish malignant from benign lesions. Steady-state free precession sequences such as Constructive Interference in Steady-State (CISS) and Fast Imaging Employing Steady-state Acquisition (FIESTA) generate highly detailed, 3-dimensional reconstructed images and are particularly useful in distinguishing structures adjacent to cerebral spinal fluid. Magnetic resonance angiography can be used to characterize vascular lesions within the orbit. New developments in magnetic field strength as well as the use of orbital surface coils achieve increasingly improved imaging resolution.
Tanenbaum RE, Lobo R, Kahana A, Wester ST. Advances in magnetic resonance imaging of orbital disease. Can J Ophthalmol. 2021 May 28:S0008-4182(21)00169-1. doi: 10.1016/j.jcjo.2021.04.025. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 34058140; PMCID: PMC8627536.