Title

Reconstruction of the Orbit and Anophthalmic Socket Using the Dermis Fat Graft: A Major Review.

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

11-1-2020

Publication Title

Ophthalmic Plast Reconstr Surg

Abstract

PURPOSE: To perform a comprehensive review of dermis fat graft (DFG) in socket reconstruction and illustrate the technical nuances and outcomes using a retrospective case review.

METHODS: A literature search of 143 texts was reviewed. A retrospective case series of 34 patients following primary or secondary DFG after enucleation at a single institution (2009-2019) was performed. Clinical outcomes were statistically analyzed. Variables investigated included age, sex, race, surgical indication, muscle reattachment, complications, motility, eyelid position, prosthesis fit, and need for additional surgery.

RESULTS: The history of DFG, use in socket reconstruction, primary and secondary indications, and surgical techniques are described. Thirty-two adults and 2 pediatric cases of DFG were reviewed; 18.75% indications were primary and 81.25% were secondary. Good eyelid position was observed in 83.3% of patients with primary DFG versus 37.5% with secondary DFG (p = 0.07). Postoperative complications occurred in 58.8% of patients, were typically mild, and resolved with minimal or no intervention. No statistically significant differences were found between occurrence of any particular complication in primary versus secondary DFG placement (p = 0.36) or between primary and secondary DFG placement and the need for additional surgery (p = 1.0). Among the 67.7% patients who had implant exposure or extrusion as an indication for DFG, 39.1% required additional surgery within 2 years. Advanced age was not associated with higher complication rates (p = 0.12).

CONCLUSIONS: DFG is an excellent option for socket reconstruction, particularly in cases involving pediatric patients, complicated orbits, history of multiple previous surgeries, and inflamed, contracted, or scarred sockets.

Volume

36

Issue

6

First Page

529

Last Page

539

DOI

10.1097/IOP.0000000000001610

ISSN

1537-2677

PubMed ID

32134765

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