Familial Hydrocephalus and Dysgenesis of the Corpus Callosum Associated with Xp22.33 Duplication and Stenosis of the Aqueduct of Sylvius with X-Linked Recessive Inheritance Pattern.
Gynecologic and Obstetric Investigation
INTRODUCTION: X-linked recessive mutations predominantly affect male fetuses with milder or no abnormalities in female siblings. Most reports show only one affected member in the family. We are reporting a family affected with hydrocephalus, stenosis of the aqueduct of Sylvius, dysgenesis of the corpus callosum, and Xp22.33 microduplication.
CASE PRESENTATION: Eighteen-year-old patient was evaluated for her 2 pregnancies; the first was a male fetus with severe hydrocephalus and the second a female fetus with mild hydrocephalus. Postnatal MRI evaluation of the male neonate revealed stenosis of the aqueduct of Sylvius, dysgenesis of the corpus callosum, and severe hydrocephalus requiring ventriculoperitoneal shunt. Postnatal MRI evaluation of the female neonate revealed mild hydrocephalus, stenosis of the aqueduct of Sylvius, and mild dysgenesis of the corpus callosum. The female baby did not require surgical intervention. Genetic testing of the mother and the 2 children revealed a 439 Kb duplication of Xp22.33.
DISCUSSION: This family demonstrates typical X-linked recessive heritability. X-inactivation is a compensatory mechanism that explains the mild symptoms of the female child and the severe symptoms of the male child. This familial case shows the importance of prenatal testing and genetic counseling and testing, including karyotype and chromosomal microarray.
Alhousseini A, Zeineddine S, Husseini A, Baddah H, Saker H, Mody S, Ibrahim SA, Thakur M, Hernandez-Andrade E, Bahado-Singh R. Familial Hydrocephalus and Dysgenesis of the Corpus Callosum Associated with Xp22.33 Duplication and Stenosis of the Aqueduct of Sylvius with X-Linked Recessive Inheritance Pattern. Gynecol Obstet Invest. 2019;84(4):412-416. doi: 10.1159/000499505. Epub 2019 Apr 9. PMID: 30965333.