CSF lamp2 concentrations are decreased in female Parkinson's disease patients with LRRK2 mutations.
Lysosome-associated membrane glycoprotein 2 (lamp2) plays critical roles in chaperone-mediated autophagy (CMA) and macroautophagy. Its isoform lamp2a is decreased in Parkinson's disease (PD) substantia nigra. Mutations in the leucine-rich repeat kinase 2 (LRRK2) gene are the most known common cause of late-onset PD; although LRRK2 is thought to regulate macroautophagy, the influence of LRRK2 mutations on lamp2 concentrations in the CNS is unknown. To examine this issue we compared lamp2 levels in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) between sporadic PD (sPD) patients (n = 31), LRRK2 PD patients (n = 20), and healthy control subjects with or without LRRK2 mutations (LRRK2 CTL = 30, CTL = 27). We also examined lamp2's correlations with age, oxidative stress, PD progression, and PD duration. Median lamp2 concentrations (pg/mL) were LRRK2 PD = 127, sPD = 333, CTL = 436, and LRRK2 CTL = 412. Log-transformed lamp2 concentrations, adjusting for gender effects (and excluding male LRRK2 PD patients because of low number), were lower in female LRRK2 PD patients than in LRRK2 CTL (p = 0.002) and CTL (p = 0.005) subjects (p = 0.06 for lamp2 comparison between female LRRK2 PD patients and sPD patients). Lamp2 did not appear to be associated with age, PD progression, or PD duration; however, three of four Spearman rho values for correlations between lamp2 and oxidative stress markers in PD subjects were ≥0.30. These findings suggest that CSF lamp2 concentrations may be decreased in female LRRK2 PD patients compared to healthy individuals with or without LRRK2 mutations.
Klaver AC, Coffey MP, Aasly JO, Loeffler DA. CSF lamp2 concentrations are decreased in female Parkinson's disease patients with LRRK2 mutations. Brain Res. 2018 Mar 15;1683:12-16. doi: 10.1016/j.brainres.2018.01.016. Epub 2018 Feb 3. PubMed PMID: 29456132.