Background Aortic valve calcium score (AVCS) is a marker for aortic stenosis (AS) severity. We sought to evaluate the effect of aortic valve (AV) variables of flow defined by stroke volume index (SVI), area (AVA), and gradient (MG) on AVCS and study the role of AVCS/MG ratio in patients with low gradient AS.
Methods We retrospectively studied patients undergoing transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) for severe AS (defined by Echo, Cath, and multimodality team consensus) at our institution from January 1, 2014 through September 1, 2018. AVCS was compared among patient groups defined by their MG (low < or high ≥40 mmHg), echocardiographic SVI (low < or normal ≥35 mL/m2), and AVA (< 0.8 or ≥0.8 cm2) using a three-way factorial ANOVA. The AVCS/MG ratio was developed and compared to AVCS and AVCS/cm2 (annular area) to identify severe AS in patients with low gradient. AVCS/MG was developed based on AVSC (AU) 2000 in males, and 1600 in females/ 40 mmHg (50 and 30, retrospectively)
Results Our analysis included 272 patients. AVCS was significantly higher in patients with high compared to low MG (3414.8 +/- 1819.57, 2596.0 +/- 1385.1, respectively p = 0.00004). There was no difference in the AVCS between normal and low flow (2883.0 +/- 1679.3, 3154 +/- 1679.5, respectively p = 0.188); and small and larger AVA (3098.1 +/- 1642.4, 2871 +/- 1789.8, respectively p = 0.330). In patients with low MG, the index AVCS/MG identified more patients with severe AS compared to AVCS or indexed AVCS to the annulus.
Conclusions AVCS is significantly higher in those with severe AS and high MG regardless of flow state or AVA. Furthermore, AVCS/MG more accurately predicts severe AS compared to AVCS in LG AS.
Mando R, Hanzel GS, Shannon F, Chaddha A, Tucker C, Gallagher M, Safian RD, Abbas AE. Aortic Valve Calcium Score Indexed to Transaortic Valve Gradient: A Novel Hemodynamic and Anatomic Index for Patients with Low Gradient Aortic Stenosis. In2019 Scientific Sessions 2019 May 21. SCAI.