Impact of Age on Hospital Outcomes After Catheter Ablation for Ventricular Tachycardia

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Conference Proceeding

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Background: Catheter ablation for ventricular tachycardia (VT) has been increasingly performed over the past decades. However, the real-world data on the safety profile of this procedure among elderly patients is limited.

Objective: This study aimed to evaluate the procedural outcomes and 30-day readmission among those aged 18-64 years versus those aged ≥65 years who underwent catheter ablation of VT.

Method: Using the all-payer, nationally representative Nationwide Readmissions Database, our study included patients aged 18 years or older who underwent VT catheter ablation between 2017 and 2020. We divided the patients into non-elderly (18-64 years old) and elderly age groups (≥65 years old). We then analyzed the in-hospital procedural outcome and 30-day readmission between these groups.

Results: Our study included 2075 (49.1%) non-elderly patients and 2153 (50.9%) elderly patients who underwent VT ablation. Following the procedure, elderly patients had significantly higher rates of prolonged index hospitalization (≥7 days) (35.5% vs 29.3%, p<0.01), non-home discharge (13.4% vs 6.0%, p<0.01), 30-day readmission (17.0% vs 11.4%, p<0.01), and early mortality (5.5% v 2.4%, p<0.01). The median cumulative cost of hospitalization was significantly higher in the elder groups ($40,230 vs. $37,612, p ≤0.01). There was no significant difference in the procedural complications between the two groups. Through multivariable analysis, the elderly group was associated with significantly higher odds of early mortality (OR: 7.50; CI 1.86 - 30.31, p=0.01), non-home discharge (OR: 2.41; CI: 1.93 - 3.00, p<0.01) and 30-day readmissions (OR: 1.58; CI 1.32 - 1.89, p<0.01).

Conclusion: Our study suggests that elderly patients have poorer in-hospital outcome in early mortality, non-home discharge and 30-day readmissions following catheter ablation for VT. There was no significant difference between elderly and non-elderly groups in the procedural complications.




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American Heart Association Scientific Sessions, November 11-13, 2023, Philadelphia, PA