Geographical Disparities in Cardiovascular Death in Sarcoidosis

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Conference Proceeding

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Background: While cardiac involvement in sarcoidosis could be significant, data assessing geographical disparities in cardiovascular deaths (CVDs) among patients with sarcoidosis are limited.

Objective: This study aims to determine the mortality attributed to CVDs with comorbid sarcoidosis in different geographic locations in the United States.

Methods: We queried the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Wide-Ranging Online Data for Epidemiologic Research database and performed serial cross-sectional analyses of national death certificate data for CVDs with comorbid sarcoidosis among patients aged 25 and above. Diseases of the circulatory system (ICD-10 I00-I99) were listed as the underlying cause of death, and sarcoidosis (ICD-10 D86) as contributing cause of death. We calculated age-adjusted mortality rates (AAMRs) per 1,000,000 individuals and compared the mortality among census regions and states.

Results: In the 22-year study period, 5,630 CVDs with comorbid sarcoidosis in the United States were identified between 1999 and 2020. The South region had the highest AAMRs for CVDs with comorbid sarcoidosis (1.32 [95% CI, 1.26-1.37] per 1,000,000 individuals), followed by Northeast region (1.25 [95% CI, 1.18-1.32] per 1,000,000 individuals), Midwest region (1.24 [95% CI, 1.17-1.30] per 1,000,000 individuals), and West Region (0.92 [95% CI, 0.86-0.98] per 1,000,000 individuals). The AAMRs for CVDs with comorbid sarcoidosis were between 0.57 [95% CI, 0.43-0.75] per 1,000,000 individuals and 1.96 [95% CI, 1.73-2.19] per 1,000,000 individuals throughout the States, except Maryland and the District of Columbia, which recorded 2.79 [95% CI, 2.44-3.14] and 6.01 [95% CI, 4.44-7.94], respectively.

Conclusion: The South region, particularly Maryland recorded the highest CVDs in sarcoidosis. Geographical disparities observed in CVDs with comorbid sarcoidosis highlight the need to improve public health measures at state-level.




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American Heart Association Scientific Sessions, November 11-13, 2023, Philadelphia, PA