P14.11.B A multicenter study of low-intensity focused ultrasound with systemic microbubble oscillators for blood-brain barrier disruption for liquid biopsy in glioblastoma (liberate)

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Conference Proceeding

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Liquid biopsy in glioblastoma (GBM) is hindered by a lack of requisite circulating-free DNA (cfDNA) levels in blood due to the blood-brain barrier (BBB). This results in challenges to the identification of blood-based biomarkers and the development of novel biomarker-driven systemic therapies. Real-time image-guided low intensity focused ultrasound (LIFU) combined with intravenously administered microbubble oscillators non-invasively causes BBB disruption (BBBD). This clinical trial aimed to evaluate the utility of LIFU for increasing cfDNA in blood for liquid biopsy in GBM. METHODS

LIBERATE is a prospective, multi-center, self-controlled, ongoing, pivotal trial evaluating the safety and technical efficacy of LIFU for BBBD to increase cfDNA in blood for GBM. Patients aged 18-80 years with suspected GBM planned for tumor biopsy or resection at ten centers in the US are being included. Patients with multifocal tumors or tumors arising from deep midline, thalamus, cerebellum, or brainstem are excluded. Patients are administered intravenous oscillating microbubbles for enhancing sonication, after which MR-guided BBBD using a 220 kHz LIFU device is performed with real-time acoustic feedback for effective cavitation. Before and after the procedure, phlebotomies and MRI brain are performed to evaluate outcomes. The primary study endpoint is defined, per subject, as the ratio between their cfDNA level in blood 1-hour post-LIFU procedure compared to cfDNA level in blood pre-procedure. The primary study hypothesis is that BBBD with LIFU leads to a ≥2-fold increase in cfDNA in blood. The secondary hypothesis is that there exists ≥75% agreement between biomarker pattern in cfDNA sample from 1-hour post-LIFU sample and biomarker pattern in tumor tissue obtained later. The trial has been powered to evaluate both primary and secondary hypotheses. Based on an assumed true agreement rate of 91% and a one-sided alpha of 0.025, an exact test for binomial proportions provides a sample of N=50 with 84% power for the secondary hypothesis. Exploratory endpoints include (1) sensitivity of detection of known somatic mutations in cfDNA from blood samples collected before and after LIFU, (2) estimation of cfDNA levels post-LIFU in samples collected at 30 minutes, 1 hour, 2 hours, and 3 hours to determine the time of greatest yield, (3) correlation of MRI parameters related to grading of BBBD and biomarkers positive in cfDNA from post-LIFU blood samples. RESULTS

Patient enrollment commenced in 2022, and 8 patients have been recruited by 04/11/2023. CONCLUSION

Findings from this trial will be critical to liquid biopsy in GBM (Clinical trial information: NCT05383872).




Supplement 2

First Page



European Association of Neuro-Oncology (EANO). September 21-24, 2023. Rotterdam, Netherlands



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