A quality improvement project to increase compliance with diabetes measures in an academic outpatient setting.
Clin Diabetes Endocrinol
Background: American Diabetes Association (ADA) sets annual guidelines on preventative measures that aim to delay the onset of severe diabetes mellitus complications. Compared to private internal medicine clinics, resident clinics provide suboptimal diabetic preventative care as evidenced by decreased compliance with ADA guidelines. The purpose of our study is to improve diabetic care in resident clinics through quality improvement (QI) projects, with A1C value as primary outcome and other ADA guidelines as secondary outcomes.
Methods: Our resident clinic at Beaumont Hospital, Royal Oak consists of 76 residents divided in 8 teams. In November 2016, baseline data on ADA guideline measures was obtained on 538 patients with diabetes mellitus. A root cause analysis was conducted. 5 teams developed a QI intervention plan to improve their diabetes care and 3 teams served as comparisons without intervention plans. In November 2017, post-intervention data was collected.
Results: Baseline characteristics demonstrate mean age of intervention groups at 60.9 years and of comparison groups at 58.9 years. The change in A1C value from baseline to post-intervention was + 0.09 vs. + 0.322 in the intervention and comparison groups respectively (p = 0.174). As a group, the changes in secondary outcome measures were as follows: eye examinations (+ 5% in intervention vs. -7% in comparison, p < 0.01), foot examinations (+ 13% vs. + 5%, p = 0.09), lipid panel testing (+ 7% vs. -5%, p < 0.01), micro-albumin/creatinine ratio testing (+ 4% vs. + 1%, p = 0.03), and A1C testing (+8% vs. + 5%, p = 0.24).
Conclusions: While the QI project did not improve A1C value, it did have significant improvement in several secondary outcomes within intervention groups. One resident team implemented an intervention involving protected half-day blocks to identify overdue examinations and consequently had the largest improvements, thus serving as a potential intervention to further study. Given our study results, we believe that QI interventions improve preventative care for patients with diabetes in resident clinics.
Edupuganti S, Bushman J, Maditz R, Kaminoulu P, Halalau A. A quality improvement project to increase compliance with diabetes measures in an academic outpatient setting. Clin Diabetes Endocrinol. 2019 Jul 23;5:11. doi: 10.1186/s40842-019-0084-9. PMID: 31367465; PMCID: PMC6651972.