The Association Between COVID-19 Mortality and ICU Admission Rates and Prior History of Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitor or Angiotensin Receptor Blocker Use Among Hospitalized COVID-19 Patients With Hypertension in Michigan.

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Importance There are conflicting data regarding the safety of the use of angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor or angiotensin receptor blocker (ACEI/ARB) medications in hypertensive patients who are susceptible to COVID-19. Objective Our study assesses the association between COVID-19 severity and mortality and the use of ACEIs/ARBs among hospitalized patients with hypertension. Research design, setting, and participants This was a retrospective cohort study. Using the EPIC system of Beaumont Health, Dearborn, Michigan, we identified 5490 patients with COVID-19 who were admitted to the eight Beaumont hospitals. After excluding subjects who have no hypertension and those with missing data, we included 2129 COVID-19 patients who have hypertension. Logistic regression and Cox proportional hazards models were used to analyze the association between history of ACEI/ARB use, intensive care unit (ICU) admission rate, and COVID-19 mortality. Exposure Exposure refers to the use of ACEIs/ARBs as documented in the medical records before admission to the hospitals. Main outcome The main outcome was 30-day COVID-19 mortality and ICU admission rates. Results There were 1281 subjects (60%) with prior ACEI/ARB use and 848 subjects (40%) with no ACEI/ARB use. There was no significant association between ICU admission and the use of ACEIs/ARBs (odds ratio {OR} = 0.95, 95% CI = {0.76, 1.19}, p-value = 0.6). Although the unadjusted logistic regression model demonstrated a statistically significant association between history of ACEI/ARB use and COVID-19 mortality (odds ratio = 1.31, 95% CI = {1.05, 1.66}, p-value = 0.02), the adjusted logistic regression model failed to show this statistically significant association (odds ratio = 1.20, 95% CI = {0.93, 1.54}, p-value = 0.14). Moreover, we were not able to reveal a statistically significant association between 30-day COVID-19 survival and prior use of ACEI/ARB in the adjusted Cox proportional hazards model (hazard ratio {HR} = 1.11, 95% CI = {0.91, 1.40}, p-value = 0.14). Conclusion In this large retrospective study, we conclude that there was no statistically significant association between prior history of ACEI/ARB use and COVID-19 ICU admission rates or mortality in hypertensive patients hospitalized with COVID-19.





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