Thirty-day readmission after catheter ablation for ventricular tachycardia: associated factors and outcomes.
Journal of interventional cardiac electrophysiology : an international journal of arrhythmias and pacing
BACKGROUND: Patients with ventricular tachycardia (VT) who require VT ablation are at high risk for readmission. This study aimed to identify the causes and outcomes of 30-day readmission after VT ablation and to analyze the predictors of recurrent VT that required rehospitalization.
METHODS: Using the Nationwide Readmission Database, our study included patients aged ≥ 18 years who underwent VT catheter ablation between 2017 and 2020. Based on the International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision, Clinical Modification (ICD-10-CM), we identified the causes of 30-day readmission by organ systems and analyzed their outcomes. Additional analysis was performed to determine the independent predictors of 30-day readmission for recurrent VT.
RESULTS: Of the 4228 patients who underwent VT ablation, 14.2% were readmitted within 30 days of the procedure. The most common cause of readmission was cardiac events (73.6%). Among the cardiac-related readmissions, recurrent VT (47.7%) and congestive heart failure (CHF) (12.9%) were the most common etiologies. Among the readmissions, patients readmitted for CHF had the highest rate of readmission mortality (9.2%). Of the patients readmitted within 30 days of the procedure, 278 patients (6.8%) were readmitted for recurrent VT. Via multivariable analysis, CHF (OR: 1.97; 95% CI: 1.12-3.47; P = 0.02) and non-elective index admissions (OR: 1.63; 95% CI: 1.04-2.55; P = 0.03) were identified as the independent predictors predictive of 30-day readmissions for recurrent VT.
CONCLUSIONS: Recurrent VT was the most common cause of readmission after the VT ablation procedure, and CHF and non-elective index admissions were the significant predictors of these early readmissions. Readmission due to CHF had the highest mortality rate during readmission.
Tan MC, Ang QX, Yeo YH, Deshmukh A, Scott LR, Hussein AA, et al Thirty-day readmission after catheter ablation for ventricular tachycardia: associated factors and outcomes. J Interv Card Electrophysiol. 2023 Aug 2. doi: 10.1007/s10840-023-01614-9. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 37530968.