Thirty-day readmission after catheter ablation for ventricular tachycardia: associated factors and outcomes.

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Journal of interventional cardiac electrophysiology : an international journal of arrhythmias and pacing


BACKGROUND: Patients with ventricular tachycardia (VT) who require VT ablation are at high risk for readmission. This study aimed to identify the causes and outcomes of 30-day readmission after VT ablation and to analyze the predictors of recurrent VT that required rehospitalization.

METHODS: Using the Nationwide Readmission Database, our study included patients aged ≥ 18 years who underwent VT catheter ablation between 2017 and 2020. Based on the International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision, Clinical Modification (ICD-10-CM), we identified the causes of 30-day readmission by organ systems and analyzed their outcomes. Additional analysis was performed to determine the independent predictors of 30-day readmission for recurrent VT.

RESULTS: Of the 4228 patients who underwent VT ablation, 14.2% were readmitted within 30 days of the procedure. The most common cause of readmission was cardiac events (73.6%). Among the cardiac-related readmissions, recurrent VT (47.7%) and congestive heart failure (CHF) (12.9%) were the most common etiologies. Among the readmissions, patients readmitted for CHF had the highest rate of readmission mortality (9.2%). Of the patients readmitted within 30 days of the procedure, 278 patients (6.8%) were readmitted for recurrent VT. Via multivariable analysis, CHF (OR: 1.97; 95% CI: 1.12-3.47; P = 0.02) and non-elective index admissions (OR: 1.63; 95% CI: 1.04-2.55; P = 0.03) were identified as the independent predictors predictive of 30-day readmissions for recurrent VT.

CONCLUSIONS: Recurrent VT was the most common cause of readmission after the VT ablation procedure, and CHF and non-elective index admissions were the significant predictors of these early readmissions. Readmission due to CHF had the highest mortality rate during readmission.





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