Discontinuation of Intermittent Hemodialysis in HIV-Associated Nephropathy Following Initiation of Antiretroviral Therapy.
Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection occurs due to the HIV virus. It results in an immunodeficient state and multi-organ system infections and malignancy known as AIDS. HIV-associated nephropathy (HIVAN) is the most common HIV kidney involvement and may present as acute kidney injury (AKI), as well as chronic kidney disease (CKD). HIVAN is a collapsing form of focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS). HIVAN treatment options include antiretroviral therapy (ART), steroids, angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors/angiotensin receptor blockers (ACEI/ARB), and hemodialysis (HD). We herein describe the case of a 40-year-old patient with an established diagnosis of HIVAN who has had partial recovery of end-stage renal failure following the initiation of ART.
Ghandour M, Shereef H, Adam O, Osman-Malik Y, Bhat Z. Discontinuation of Intermittent Hemodialysis in HIV-Associated Nephropathy Following Initiation of Antiretroviral Therapy. Cureus. 2021 Feb 6;13(2):e13181. doi: 10.7759/cureus.13181. PMID: 33717725; PMCID: PMC7939417.