Efficacy of a pharmacist-managed diabetes clinic in high-risk diabetes patients, a randomized controlled trial - "Pharm-MD" : Impact of clinical pharmacists in diabetes care.
BMC endocrine disorders [electronic resource]
BACKGROUND: Diabetes mellitus affects 13% of American adults. To address the complex care requirements necessary to avoid diabetes-related morbidity, the American Diabetes Association recommends utilization of multidisciplinary teams. Research shows pharmacists have a positive impact on multiple clinical diabetic outcomes.
METHODS: Open-label randomized controlled trial with 1:1 assignment that took place in a single institution resident-run outpatient medicine clinic. Patients 18-75 years old with type 2 diabetes mellitus and most recent HbA1c ≥9% were randomized to standard of care (SOC) (continued with routine follow up with their primary provider) or to the SOC + pharmacist-managed diabetes clinic PMDC group (had an additional 6 visits with the pharmacist within 6 months from enrollment). Patients were followed for 12 months after enrollment. Data collected included HbA1c, lipid panel, statin use, blood pressure control, immunization status, and evidence of diabetic complications (retinopathy, nephropathy, neuropathy). Intention-to-treat and per-protocol analysis were performed.
RESULTS: Forty-four patients were enrolled in the SOC + PMDC group and 42 patients in the SOC group. Average decrease in HbA1c for the intervention compared to the control group at 6 months was - 2.85% vs. -1.32%, (p = 0.0051). Additionally, the odds of achieving a goal HbA1c of ≤8% at 6 months was 3.15 (95% CI = 1.18, 8.42, p = 0.0222) in the intervention versus control group. There was no statistically significant difference in the remaining secondary outcomes measured.
CONCLUSIONS: Addition of pharmacist managed care for patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus is associated with significant improvements in HbA1c compared with standard of care alone. Missing data during follow up limited the power of secondary outcomes analyses.
TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov , ID: NCT03377127 ; first posted on 19/12/2017.
Halalau A, Sonmez M, Uddin A, Karabon P, Scherzer Z, Keeney S. Efficacy of a pharmacist-managed diabetes clinic in high-risk diabetes patients, a randomized controlled trial - "Pharm-MD" : Impact of clinical pharmacists in diabetes care. BMC Endocr Disord. 2022 Mar 16;22(1):69. doi: 10.1186/s12902-022-00983-y. PMID: 35296307; PMCID: PMC8925057.