Title

Outcomes After Coronary Orbital Atherectomy at Centers Without On-Site Surgical Backup: Diabetics Versus Non-Diabetics and Impact of Access Site.

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

9-2021

Publication Title

Cardiovasc Revasc Med

Abstract

BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: There is limited data available on atherectomy usage in hospitals or centers without on-site surgical backup. The purpose of this retrospective analysis was to gain further knowledge by analyzing the in-hospital and 30-day outcomes of complex PCI patients (including diabetics) treated with coronary orbital atherectomy (OA) at centers without on-site surgical back-up.

METHODS/MATERIALS: All comers treated with OA at two centers without on-site surgical backup were included. Baseline, procedure, and outcome data were compared in diabetic and non-diabetic patients. The impact of transfemoral (TFA) versus transradial (TRA) vascular access was also assessed.

RESULTS: Of the 221 patients treated with OA, 43% were diabetics. The diabetes and no-diabetes groups had similar baseline demographic and lesion characteristics, except for the higher rate of chronic kidney disease seen in the diabetics. Overall, there was a high freedom from major adverse cardiac events (MACE; in-hospital: 99.5%; 30-day: 98.6%), as well as a high success in stent delivery (99.5%) and procedural success (97.3%). The rate of angiographic complications was low in both the diabetes and no-diabetes groups (3.1% vs. 1.6%, p = 0.450). TFA and TRA were used in 36% and 64% of the patients, respectively-resulting in low angiographic complications in both groups (3.8% vs. 1.4%, p = 0.263).

CONCLUSIONS: Despite the complexity of patient co-morbidities and the presence of heavily calcified lesions, the results indicate that coronary OA can be used safely and effectively without on-site surgical back-up. OA treatment resulted in a high rate of successful stent delivery and procedural success, as well as low rates of angiographic complications and MACE, in diabetic and non-diabetic patients, regardless of access site.

TABLE OF CONTENTS SUMMARY: There is limited data available on atherectomy usage in centers without on-site surgical backup. The purpose of this retrospective analysis was to gain further knowledge by analyzing the outcomes of complex PCI patients (including diabetics) treated with coronary orbital atherectomy (OA) at centers without on-site surgical back-up. The impact of transfemoral (TFA) versus transradial (TRA) vascular access was also assessed. Despite the complexity of patient co-morbidities and the presence of heavily calcified lesions, the results indicate that coronary OA can be used safely and effectively without on-site surgical back-up. OA treatment resulted in a high rate of successful stent delivery and procedural success, as well as low rates of angiographic complications and major adverse cardiac events, in diabetic and non-diabetic patients, regardless of access site (TFA or TRA).

Volume

30

First Page

20

Last Page

25

DOI

10.1016/j.carrev.2020.09.029

ISSN

1878-0938

PubMed ID

33077394

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