Increasing colorectal cancer in the young population and tailoring of the colorectal cancer screening recommendations in subpopulation: a retrospective single-center study.
International journal of colorectal disease
PURPOSE: The United States Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) newly drafted recommendations for colorectal cancer (CRC) screening age in average-risk individuals decreased to 45 years from 50 years. This study evaluates the change in the incidence of CRC, compares the demographic characteristics, characteristics of CRC, survival, and factors affecting the survival of younger (< 50 years) with the older (> 50 years) CRC-diagnosed population of Boston Medical Center (BMC). Also tailors the screening recommendations of CRC based on subpopulations.
METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was conducted from 2004 to 2019 at BMC who underwent colonoscopy, to see newly diagnosed CRC. The analysis was done in R studio version 1.2.5033.
RESULTS: The incidence rate of CRC is increasing in the younger population. The CRC in younger population was 350 and older was 2019. The most prevalent site among the younger population was rectum (33.33%), and most of the CRC were diagnosed at an advanced stage. Hispanics were less likely to be diagnosed with CRC in older age group (OR= 0.468, 95% CI 0.285, 0.796). Lower BMI was associated with a higher risk of mortality (p= 0.012). There was no difference in survival in younger and older populations.
CONCLUSIONS: CRC is increasing in the younger population, and Hispanics are diagnosed with CRC usually at a younger age. Early screening in young populations with average risk and even earlier screening in high-risk populations like Hispanics is warranted for timely recognition for prevention, early management, and reduction of mortality.
Pandey S, Fish SS, Roy HK. Increasing colorectal cancer in the young population and tailoring of the colorectal cancer screening recommendations in subpopulation: a retrospective single-center study. Int J Colorectal Dis. 2021 Jul;36(7):1515-1524. doi: 10.1007/s00384-021-03934-6. Epub 2021 May 2. PMID: 33934174.