A Practical Approach to Preventing Renal Complications in the Catheterization Laboratory.
Interv Cardiol Clin
Contrast-induced acute kidney injury is a common complication in patients undergoing invasive procedures and is associated with increased mortality and morbidity. There is no effective approach to the management of this complication, and prevention remains of paramount importance. The 3 pillars of prevention are identification of high-risk patients, appropriate hydration before and after contrast exposure, eGFR-based contrast dosing and use of ultra-low contrast volume in high-risk patients. Most evidence supporting these practices is derived from patients undergoing coronary angiography or percutaneous coronary intervention but these basic principles can be applied to most patients undergoing contrast-based procedures in the catheterization laboratory.
Aggarwal D, Gurm HS. A Practical Approach to Preventing Renal Complications in the Catheterization Laboratory. Interv Cardiol Clin. 2020 Jul;9(3):403-407. doi: 10.1016/j.iccl.2020.02.011. Epub 2020 May 12. PMID: 32471680.