Doublet (FOLFOX or FOLFIRI) Versus Triplet (FOLFOXIRI) Backbone Chemotherapy Regimen as First-Line Treatment of Metastatic Colorectal Cancer: A Meta-Analysis and Systematic Review.
Journal of Clinical Oncology
Background: Doublet chemotherapy FOLFOX and FOLFIRI are standard for first‐line treatment of metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC). Recently, use of triplet chemotherapy FOLFOXIRI has shown an increased anti-cancer activity but still there is uncertainty regarding first line backbone chemotherapy. Therefore, we conducted this metanalysis to determine the efficacy, safety and outcome of triplet vs doublet chemotherapy. Methods: The study protocol was published at PROSPERO (CRD42020166745) and prepared as per PRISMA guidelines. Total 10 studies were included, with sample size of 1536 participants in triplet arm and 1535 participants in doublet arm. The primary outcome is Response rate (RR) and secondary outcomes are Progression-free survival (PFS), Overall survival (OS), post chemotherapy radical (R0) surgical resection rate of metastases. Quantitative synthesis was performed using “R” statistical package. Dichotomous outcomes were summarized using odds ratio (OR) and time to event data was summarized using hazard ratio (HR). Results: A total of 678 articles were retrieved. The Medline article search gave a result of 271 article, Embase 296, the Cochrane Library 100 and Clinical tral.gov 11, when searched through April 2020. Total 10 studies were included. All the studies were randomized, open-label, multicenter study. Out of the 10 trials 5 each were phase II and phase III studies. The pooled odds ratio for RR was 1.66 (95% CI 1.42 to 1.93) and PFS was (HR, 0.70; 95% CI, 0.63–0.78) in favor of triplet chemotherapy. There was significant improvement in radical resection (R0) of metastases (OR 1.59; 95% CI, 1.27–1.98) in triplet arm. Triplet arm was also associated with increased toxicity especially neurological events 2.51(0.88-7.16), diarrhea 2.40(1.74-3.31), neutropenia, 2.23(1.71-2.90) and thrombocytopenia 1.94(1.05-3.59). Conclusions: Findings in this meta-analysis showed that FOLFOXIRI significantly improves the PFS, RR, OS, and R0 resection rate of overall metastases over the doublet chemotherapy. The incidence of fatal adverse events was found to be more in triplet chemotherapy compared to doublet therapy. Therefore, we concluded that with moderate evidence FOLFOXIRI provide clinically meaningful efficacy benefit at cost of increased toxicity
15 (suppl. 1)
Jindal V, Gupta R, Sahu KK, Rahi MS, Stender M, Jaiyesimi IA. Doublet (FOLFOX or FOLFIRI) versus triplet (FOLFOXIRI) backbone chemotherapy regimen as first-line treatment of metastatic colorectal cancer: a meta-analysis and systematic review. J Clin Oncol. 2021 May 20;39(15 suppl. 1):3593.