Anticoagulation for Stroke Prevention after Restoration of Haemostasis with Emicizumab in Acquired Haemophilia A.
European Journal of Case Reports in Internal Medicine
Acquired haemophilia A (AHA) is a rare haemorrhagic disorder caused by the development of autoantibodies inhibiting factor VIII function. It predominantly affects the elderly, who are often burdened with a considerable number of comorbidities, and can result in life-threatening bleeding. The management of AHA consists of two aspects: inhibitor eradication with an immunomodulator and bleed control with a bypassing agent. Here we present a case of AHA with a high titre inhibitor in a patient with extensive comorbidities and atrial fibrillation in whom inhibitor eradication could not be achieved within a few weeks using corticosteroids alone. Due to coronavirus disease (COVID)-19 restrictions and complications of care, emicizumab offered an effective and convenient therapy, not only sparing the need for continued and intensified inhibitor eradication, but also allowing anticoagulation for stroke prophylaxis.
LEARNING POINTS: Emicizumab may offer a suitable option for bleeding prophylaxis when inhibitor eradication is not achievable with immunotolerance treatment, especially in the age of the COVID-19 pandemic when the consequences of immunosuppression can be detrimental.Bleeding prophylaxis with emicizumab may enable long-term anticoagulation in patients with acquired haemophilia A during inhibitor eradication.The prothrombotic risks of emicizumab are not yet sufficiently characterized.
Al-Banaa K, Gallastegui-Crestani N, von Drygalski A. Anticoagulation for Stroke Prevention after Restoration of Haemostasis with Emicizumab in Acquired Haemophilia A. Eur J Case Rep Intern Med. 2021 Nov 11;8(11):002984. doi: 10.12890/2021_002984. PMID: 34912741; PMCID: PMC8667998.