An Urban Center Experience Exploring Barriers to Adherence to Endoscopic Surveillance for Non-Dysplastic Barrett's Esophagus.
Background Data regarding barriers to Barrett's esophagus (BE) surveillance is limited. Studying an urban center population, we aimed to characterize non-dysplastic BE surveillance rates and identify health, racial, and socioeconomic disparities affecting surveillance. Methods Patients with biopsy-confirmed BE were retrospectively identified between January 2002 and December 2012. Non-dysplastic BE patients were analyzed for adherence to established surveillance guidelines. Demographic, racial, comorbidities, and socioeconomic variables were extracted. Annual gross income (AGI) was utilized as a marker of socioeconomic status (SES). Univariate and multivariate analyses compared adherent vs. non-adherent patients to surveillance guidelines. Results A total of 217 patients with non-dysplastic BE were analyzed. The majority were male (67.3%) and Caucasian (75.6%), with only 47.5% adherent with the first surveillance endoscopy. Patients with a high average AGI were more likely to be adherent with the initial surveillance endoscopy than those with low AGI (p=0.032). Initial compliance with first surveillance was associated with better surveillance at regular intervals (p=0.001). No significant differences in age, primary language, insurance type, marital status, or Charlson Comorbidity Index (CCI) between adherent and non-adherent patients were found. Conclusions Although overall adherence to guidelines was suboptimal, this study identifies important socioeconomic disparities in the endoscopic surveillance for non-dysplastic BE. Identifying and understanding the barriers to care among these lower socioeconomic groups may ultimately lead to improved screening compliance and early BE detection.
Isseh M, Mueller L, Abunafeesa H, Imam Z, Shakaroun D, Abu Ghanimeh M, Isseh N, Miller J, Jafri SM, Lenhart A. An Urban Center Experience Exploring Barriers to Adherence to Endoscopic Surveillance for Non-Dysplastic Barrett's Esophagus. Cureus. 2021 Jan 31;13(1):e13030. doi: 10.7759/cureus.13030. PMID: 33665052; PMCID: PMC7924167.