Wait-There's Evidence for That? Integrative medicine Treatments for Major Depressive Disorder.
International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine
Depression is one of the most common mental health disorders and currently affects over 17 million Americans. Up to two-thirds of patients with depression in the United States will seek complementary and alternative or integrative medical treatments and thus medical providers who treat depression should understand that many integrative medical treatments have evidence of efficacy either as monotherapies or as add-on adjuncts to other treatments. This review references guidelines from the Canadian Network for Mood and Anxiety Treatments and Michigan Medicine, along with an updated literature review, to provide a framework for reviewing medications or herbal formulation, as well as other therapies, which have evidence in the treatment of depression. In general, St. John's Wort, Omega-3 Fatty Acids, S-adenosyl-L-methionine, and crocus sativus (saffron) have the highest levels of evidence in the treatment of mild-to-moderate depression. Acetyl-l-carnitine, l-methylfolate, DHEA, and lavender have a moderate level of evidence in treating depression, whereas Vitamin D, one of the most common supplements in the United States, does not have evidence in treating depression. Of the non-medication-based therapies, exercise, light therapy, yoga, acupuncture, and probiotics have evidence in the treatment of depression, whereas a full review of dietary modifications for depression was out of scope for this article.
Warnick SJ Jr, Mehdi L, Kowalkowski J. Wait-there's evidence for that? Integrative medicine treatments for major depressive disorder. Int J Psychiatry Med. 2021 Sep;56(5):334-343. doi: 10.1177/00912174211046353. PMID: 34521233.