Effective Hearing Loss Screening in Primary Care: The Early Auditory Referral-Primary Care Study.
Annals of family medicine
PURPOSE: Hearing loss, the second most common disability in the United States, is under-diagnosed and under-treated. Identifying it in early stages could prevent its known substantial adverse outcomes.
METHODS: A multiple baseline design was implemented to assess a screening paradigm for identifying and referring patients aged ≥55 years with hearing loss at 10 family medicine clinics in 2 health systems. Patients completed a consent form and the Hearing Handicap Inventory for the Elderly (HHI). An electronic alert prompted clinicians to screen for hearing loss during visits.
RESULTS: The 14,877 eligible patients during the study period had 36,701 encounters. Referral rates in the family medicine clinics increased from a baseline rate of 3.2% to 14.4% in 1 health system and from a baseline rate of 0.7% to 4.7% in the other. A general medicine comparison group showed referral rate increase from the 3.0% baseline rate to 3.3%. Of the 5,883 study patients who completed the HHI 25.2% (n=1,484) had HHI scores suggestive of hearing loss; those patients had higher referral rates, 28% vs 9.2% (
CONCLUSION: An electronic alert used to remind clinicians to ask patients aged ≥55 years about hearing loss significantly increased audiology referrals for at-risk patients. Audiologic and audiogram data support the effectiveness of the prompt. Clinicians should consider adopting this method to identify patients with hearing loss to reduce its known and adverse sequelae.
Zazove P, Plegue MA, McKee MM, DeJonckheere M, Kileny PR, Schleicher LS, Green LA, Sen A, Rapai ME, Mulhem E. Effective Hearing Loss Screening in Primary Care: The Early Auditory Referral-Primary Care Study. Ann Fam Med. 2020 Nov;18(6):520-527. doi: 10.1370/afm.2590. PMID: 33168680; PMCID: PMC7708285.