A tubo-ovarian abscess mimicking an appendiceal abscess: a rare presentation of Streptococcus agalactiae.
Oxford Medical Case Reports
A tubo-ovarian abscess (TOA) is a relatively rare medical complication that results from an untreated/unrecognized ascending pelvic infection of the female genital tract. In a right-sided TOA, this clinical entity may mimic appendicitis on computed tomography (CT). In addition, both disease processes can present with pelvic pain, leukocytosis and fever. We present the case of a 47-year-old female with mid right-sided abdominal pain that was diagnosed on CT scan with an appendiceal abscess. She underwent CT-guided percutaneous drainage with interventional radiology. On Day 8, a CT limited study involving a contrast injection was performed to evaluate for abscess resolution. The contrast within the drain filled the fallopian tube, endometrial cavity and contralateral fallopian tube. These findings demonstrated that the initial diagnosis actually represented a TOA. To the authors' knowledge, this is the only reported case involving a TOA secondary to Streptococcus agalactiae (GBS) mimicking an appendicitis with abscess formation.
Taylor GM, Erlich AH, Wallace LC, Williams V, Ali RM, Zygowiec JP. A tubo-ovarian abscess mimicking an appendiceal abscess: a rare presentation of Streptococcus agalactiae. Oxf Med Case Reports. 2019 Aug 1;2019(8):omz071. doi: 10.1093/omcr/omz071. PMID: 31398722; PMCID: PMC6688889.