Title

Defining Acute Traumatic Encephalopathy: Methods of the "HEAD Injury Serum Markers and Multi-Modalities for Assessing Response to Trauma" (HeadSMART II) Study.

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

12-8-2021

Publication Title

Frontiers In Neurology

Abstract

Despite an estimated 2.8 million annual ED visits, traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a syndromic diagnosis largely based on report of loss of consciousness, post-traumatic amnesia, and/or confusion, without readily available objective diagnostic tests at the time of presentation, nor an ability to identify a patient's prognosis at the time of injury. The recognition that "mild" forms of TBI and even sub-clinical impacts can result in persistent neuropsychiatric consequences, particularly when repetitive, highlights the need for objective assessments that can complement the clinical diagnosis and provide prognostic information about long-term outcomes. Biomarkers and neurocognitive testing can identify brain injured patients and those likely to have post-concussive symptoms, regardless of imaging testing results, thus providing a physiologic basis for a diagnosis of acute traumatic encephalopathy (ATE). The goal of the HeadSMART II (HEAD injury Serum markers and Multi-modalities for Assessing Response to Trauma) clinical study is to develop an

Volume

12

First Page

733712

DOI

10.3389/fneur.2021.733712

ISSN

1664-2295

PubMed ID

34956041

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