Mitigating Visible Light and Long Wavelength UVA1-induced Effects with Topical Antioxidants.
Photochemistry and Photobiology
The role of topical antioxidants (AOs) on visible light plus ultraviolet A1 (VL+UVA1)-induced skin changes were evaluated. Twenty subjects with skin phototypes (SPTs) I-VI had placebo and concentrations of an AO blend applied to their back (AO 0.5%, 1.0% and 2.0%). Treated and control sites were irradiated with VL+UVA1. Colorimetric and diffuse reflectance spectroscopy (DRS) assessments were performed immediately, 24 h and 7 days after irradiation. Subjects with SPT I-III had erythema that faded within 24 h, while SPT IV-VI had persistent pigmentation. SPT I-III demonstrated significantly less erythema at the 2% AO site while SPT IV-VI demonstrated significantly less immediate pigmentation at 2% AO site and less pigmentation (approaching significance, P = 0.07) on day 7 compared with control. Immunohistochemistry from biopsies of 2% AO and placebo at 24 h did not demonstrate a significant change in COX-2 or MART-1 for any SPT. There was a decrease in cyclin D1 for SPT IV-VI which was approaching significance (P = 0.06) but not for SPT I-III. The results indicate that topical AO inhibits erythema in SPT I-III and reduces pigmentation in SPT IV-VI caused by VL+UVA1. AO may help prevent worsening of pigmentary disorders and should be incorporated into photoprotection.
Lyons AB, Zubair R, Kohli I, Nahhas AF, Braunberger TL, et al Mitigating visible light and long wavelength uva1-induced effects with topical antioxidants. Photochem Photobiol. 2022 Mar;98(2):455-460. doi: 10.1111/php.13525. PMID: 34549819.