The Impact of Prophylactic Heparin on Pocket Hematoma Formation After Cardiac Implantable Electronic Device Implantation a Real-World Experience

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Conference Proceeding

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Introduction: Intravenous heparin is strongly associated with pocket hematoma (PH) formation in patients undergoing cardiac implantable electronic device (CIED) implantation. However, there is no data on subcutaneous prophylactic heparin in this population

Hypothesis: We hypothesized that the subcutaneous heparin may increase the odds of PH in patients undergoing CIED implantation using data from a large, nationally representative sample of the US population.

Methods: The Premier Healthcare Database was analyzed from 2016-2019 to identify patients >18 years old undergoing CIED implantation. Patients with PH were then identified by using ICD-10 CM codes. A multivariable logistic regression model was used to adjust for confounders

Results: A total of 267,650 patients underwent CIED implantation between January 1, 2016, and December 31, 2019, of which 4,496 (1.68%) \developed PH. Single chamber pacemaker in 7.22%, dual-chamber pacemaker was implanted in 58.3% of patients, and CRT-P in 4.59%, ICD in 18.58%, CRT-D in 11.31%. Of the total cohort, 559 Patients received subcutaneous heparin within 3 days of the CIED implant procedure. Of these 559 patients, 91 (16%) patients were on subcutaneous heparin (pre-procedural: 19; post-procedural: 57) and developed PH. Subcutaneous heparin is associated with increased odds (OR :13.8,p<0.01) of PH formation.

Conclusions: This study suggests that subcutaneous heparin is a strong risk factor for the development of PH. This may independently drive up the rates of PH in the inpatient population. Further studies on the timing of subcutaneous heparin need to be conducted.




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American Heart Association Scientific Sessions, November 11-13, 2023, Philadelphia, PA