Six-Month Outcomes of Mechanical Thrombectomy for Treating Deep Vein Thrombosis: Analysis from the 500-Patient CLOUT Registry.
Cardiovascular and interventional radiology
PURPOSE: Mechanical thrombectomy for the treatment of deep vein thrombosis (DVT) is being increasingly utilized to reduce symptoms and prevent postthrombotic syndrome (PTS), but more data on clinical outcomes are needed. Mechanical thrombectomy was studied in the ClotTriever Outcomes (CLOUT) registry with 6-month full analysis outcomes reported herein.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: The CLOUT registry is a prospective, all-comer study that enrolled 500 lower extremity DVT patients across 43 US sites treated with mechanical thrombectomy using the ClotTriever System. Core-lab assessed Marder scores and physician-assessed venous patency by duplex ultrasound, PTS assessment using Villalta score, venous symptom severity, pain, and quality of life scores through 6 months were analyzed. Adverse events were identified and independently adjudicated.
RESULTS: All-cause mortality at 30 days was 0.9%, and 8.6% of subjects experienced a serious adverse event (SAE) within the first 30 days, 1 of which (0.2%) was device related. SAE rethrombosis/residual thrombus incidence was 4.8% at 30 days and 8.0% at 6 months. Between baseline and 6 months, venous flow increased from 27.2% to 92.5% of limbs (P < 0.0001), and venous compressibility improved from 28.0% to 91.8% (P < 0.0001), while median Villalta scores improved from 9.0 at baseline to 1.0 at 6 months (P < 0.0001). Significant improvements in venous symptom severity, pain, and quality of life were also demonstrated. Outcomes from iliofemoral and isolated femoral-popliteal segments showed similar improvements.
CONCLUSION: Outcomes from the CLOUT study, a large prospective registry for DVT, indicate that mechanical thrombectomy is safe and demonstrates significant improvement in symptoms and health status through 6 months. Level of Evidence 3: Non-randomized controlled cohort/follow-up study.
Shaikh A, Zybulewski A, Paulisin J, Bisharat M, Mouawad NJ, Raskin A, et al [Kado H] Six-Month Outcomes of Mechanical Thrombectomy for Treating Deep Vein Thrombosis: Analysis from the 500-Patient CLOUT Registry. Cardiovasc Intervent Radiol. 2023 Aug 14. doi: 10.1007/s00270-023-03509-8. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 37580422.