Influence of monitoring and atrial arrhythmia burden on quality of life and health care utilization in patients undergoing pulsed field ablation: A secondary analysis of the PULSED AF Trial.
BACKGROUND: Freedom from atrial arrhythmia (AA) recurrence ≥30 seconds after pulsed field ablation (PFA) in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) was reported in PULSED AF (Pulsed Field Ablation to Irreversibly Electroporate Tissue and Treat AF; ClinialTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04198701). AA burden may be a more clinically meaningful endpoint.
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine the influence of monitoring strategies on AA detection and AA burden association with quality of life (QoL) and health care utilization (HCU) after PFA.
METHODS: Patients underwent 24-hour Holter monitoring at 6 and 12 months and weekly, and symptomatic transtelephonic monitoring (TTM). AA burden post-blanking was calculated as the greater of (1) percentage of AA on total Holter time; or (2) percentage of weeks with ≥1 TTM with AA out of all weeks with ≥1 TTM.
RESULTS: Freedom from all AAs varied by >20% when differing monitoring strategies were used. PFA resulted in zero burden in 69.4% of paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (PAF) and 62.2% of persistent atrial fibrillation (PsAF) patients. Median burden was low (19 point) QoL improvement. PsAF patients experienced clinically meaningful QoL improvements irrespective of burden. Repeat ablations and cardioversions significantly increased with higher AA burden (P <.01).
CONCLUSION: The ≥30-second AA endpoint is dependent on the monitoring protocol used. PFA resulted in low AA burden for most patients, which was associated with clinically relevant improvement in QoL and reduced AA-related HCU.
Verma A, Haines DE, Boersma LV, Sood N, Natale A, Marchlinski FE, et al Influence of monitoring and atrial arrhythmia burden on quality of life and health care utilization in patients undergoing pulsed field ablation: a secondary analysis of the pulsed af trial. Heart Rhythm. 2023 May 19:S1547-5271(23)02248-8. doi: 10.1016/j.hrthm.2023.05.018. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 37211146.