Timing of impella placement in PCI for acute myocardial infarction complicated by cardiogenic shock: An updated meta-analysis.
International journal of cardiology
INTRODUCTION: The timing of hemodynamic support in acute myocardial infarction complicated by cardiogenic shock (AMICS) has yet to be defined. The aim of this meta-analysis was to evaluate the impact of timing of Impella initiation on early and midterm mortality.
METHODS: A systematic literature review and meta-analysis was conducted using PubMed and Cochrane databases. All studies reporting short-term mortality rates and timing of Impella placement in AMICS were included. Meta-regression analysis and sensitivity analysis were performed on the primary endpoint, short-term mortality (≤30 days), and secondary endpoints (midterm mortality, device-related bleeding, and limb ischemia).
RESULTS: Of 1289 studies identified, 13 studies (6810 patients; 2970 patients identified as receiving Impella pre-PCI and 3840 patients receiving Impella during/post-PCI) were included in this analysis. Median age was 63.8 years (IQR 63-65.7); 76% of patients were male, and a high prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors was noted across the entire population. Short-term mortality was significantly reduced in those receiving pre-PCI vs. during/post-PCI Impella support (37.2% vs 53.6%, RR 0.7; CI 0.56-0.88). Midterm mortality was also lower in the pre-PCI Impella group (47.9% vs 73%, RR 0.81; CI 0.68-0.97). The rate of device-related bleeding (RR 1.05; CI 0.47-2.33) and limb ischemia (RR 1.6; CI 0.63-2.15) were similar between the two groups.
CONCLUSION: This analysis suggests that Impella placement prior to PCI in AMICS may have a positive impact on short- and midterm mortality compared with post-PCI, with similar safety outcomes. Due to the observational nature of the included studies, further studies are needed to confirm this hypothesis (CRD42022300372).
Iannaccone M, Franchin L, Hanson ID, Boccuzzi G, Basir MB, Truesdell AG, et al Timing of impella placement in PCI for acute myocardial infarction complicated by cardiogenic shock: an updated meta-analysis. Int J Cardiol. 2022 Sep 1;362:47-54. doi: 10.1016/j.ijcard.2022.05.011. PMID: 35533755.