Periprocedural outcomes of protamine administration after catheter ablation of atrial fibrillation.
Reviews in Cardiovascular Medicine
BACKGROUND: Perioperative anticoagulation management with uninterrupted or minimally interrupted anticoagulation during atrial fibrillation (AF) ablation is thought to be critical to minimize thromboembolic complications. Protamine is often administered to neutralize the effects of heparin and expedite vascular hemostasis post-procedure.
OBJECTIVE: We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to determine the effectiveness of protamine to expedite vascular hemostasis and ambulation in patients undergoing AF ablation.
METHODS: Electronic searches on PubMed, The Cochrane Library, EMBASE, EBSCO, Web of Science, and CINAHL databases from the inception through August 7, 2021, were performed. The primary outcomes included-time to hemostasis (minutes) and time to ambulation (minutes). The secondary outcomes included - any vascular complications (excluding minor hematoma), minor hematoma, or cerebrovascular accidents (CVA).
RESULTS: A total of 5 eligible studies (3 retrospective cohort studies and two randomized trials) consisting of 1012 patients (515 patients received protamine group and 497 patients did not receive protamine group) were included in the meta-analysis. There was a significant reduction in time to ambulation [weighted mean difference (WMD) -176.6 minutes, 95% Confidence interval (CI) -266.9 to -86.3;
CONCLUSION: Protamine administration was associated with reduced time to ambulation (176 minutes reduction) and time to hemostasis (13 minutes reduction) without an increase in any adverse events.
Kewcharoen J, Shah K, Bhardwaj R, Contractor T, Turagam MK, Mandapati R, et al Periprocedural outcomes of protamine administration after catheter ablation of atrial fibrillation. Rev Cardiovasc Med. 2022 Jan 19;23(1):34. doi: 10.31083/j.rcm2301034. PMID: 35092226.