Renal sympathetic denervation for the treatment of recurrent ventricular arrhythmias-ELECTRAM investigators.
Pacing and clinical electrophysiology : PACE
INTRODUCTION: Renal sympathetic denervation (RSDN) is an alternate management approach for refractory ventricular arrhythmias (VAs). We aimed to perform a systematic review of clinical outcomes on the impact of RSDN on refractory VA patients.
METHODS: A systematic search without language restriction, using PubMed, EMBASE, SCOPUS, Google Scholar, and ClinicalTrials.gov from inception to August 18, 2020, was performed for the studies that reported outcomes in patients who underwent RSDN for VA. The outcomes studied were-(1) recurrent VA; and (2) all-cause mortality.
RESULTS: Five studies (from 2014 to 2018) with a total of 51 VA patients met study inclusion criteria. The mean age was 61.92 ± 11.76 years, and 78.4% were men. The pooled incidence of short-term (3 months or less) and long-term (more than 3 months) VA recurrence was 63.85% (95% CI 16.75 to 99.32) and 10.52% (95% CI 0.14 to 28.75), respectively. When stratified by the number of VA episodes, there was a significant reduction in mean VA episodes (SMD -3.79, 95% CI -6.59 to -0.98, p < .01), ICD shocks (SMD -1.71, 95% CI -3.0 to -0.42, p < .01) and anti-tachycardia pacing (SMD -1.21, 95% CI -1.98 to -0.44, p < .01) following RSDN denervation. The pooled incidence of all-cause mortality after RSDN was 10.16% (95% CI 1.08 to 24.12). There were no major vascular complications, one minor vascular complication-small non-flow limiting renal artery dissection (no intervention needed).
CONCLUSION: RSDN appears to be a safe and effective treatment strategy in patients with prior failed antiarrhythmic drugs and catheter ablation for recurrent ventricular arrhythmia and electrical storm.
Garg J, Shah S, Shah K, Turagam MK, Natale A, Lakkireddy D. Renal sympathetic denervation for the treatment of recurrent ventricular arrhythmias-ELECTRAM investigators. Pacing Clin Electrophysiol. 2021 May;44(5):865-874. doi: 10.1111/pace.14230. Epub 2021 Apr 12. PMID: 33786832.