Sudden cardiac death in patients with myocarditis: Evaluation, risk stratification, and management.
American heart journal
Myocarditis is a major cause of sudden cardiac death (SCD) and dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) in young adults. Cardiac magnetic resonance is the established tool for the diagnosis of myocarditis, and late gadolinium enhancement detected on cardiac magnetic resonance imaging is the strongest independent predictor of SCD, all-cause mortality, and cardiac mortality. Several other factors have been associated with SCD or cardiac transplantation including New York Heart Association functional class III/IV, reduced left ventricular ejection fraction
Ali-Ahmed F, Dalgaard F, Al-Khatib SM. Sudden cardiac death in patients with myocarditis: Evaluation, risk stratification, and management. Am Heart J. 2020 Feb;220:29-40. doi: 10.1016/j.ahj.2019.08.007. Epub 2019 Aug 15. PMID: 31765933.