Title

Validation of a defibrillation lead ventricular volume measurement compared to three-dimensional echocardiography.

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

10-1-2017

Publication Title

Heart Rhythm

ISSN

1556-3871

Abstract

BACKGROUND: There is increasing evidence that using frequent invasive measures of pressure in patients with heart failure results in improved outcomes compared to traditional measures. Admittance, a measure of volume derived from preexisting defibrillation leads, is proposed as a new technique to monitor cardiac hemodynamics in patients with an implantable defibrillator.

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the accuracy of a new ventricular volume sensor (VVS, CardioVol) compared with 3-dimenssional echocardiography (echo) in patients with an implantable defibrillator.

METHODS: Twenty-two patients referred for generator replacement had their defibrillation lead attached to VVS to determine the level of agreement to a volume measurement standard (echo). Two opposite hemodynamic challenges were sequentially applied to the heart (overdrive pacing and dobutamine administration) to determine whether real changes in hemodynamics could be reliably and repeatedly assessed with VVS. Equivalence of end-diastolic volume (EDV) and stroke volume (SV) determined by both methods was also assessed.

RESULTS: EDV and SV were compared using VVS and echo. VVS tracked expected physiologic trends. EDV was modulated -10% by overdrive pacing (14 mL). SV was modulated -13.7% during overdrive pacing (-6 mL) and increased over baseline +14.6% (+8 mL) with dobutamine. VVS and echo mean EDVs were found statistically equivalent, with margin of equivalence 13.8 mL (P

CONCLUSION: VVS provides an accurate method for ventricular volume assessment using chronically implanted defibrillator leads and is statistically equivalent to echo determination of mean EDV and SV.

Medical Subject Headings

Aged; Defibrillators, Implantable; Echocardiography, Three-Dimensional; Female; Heart Failure; Heart Ventricles; Humans; Male; Reproducibility of Results; Stroke Volume

Volume

14

Issue

10

First Page

1515

Last Page

1522

PubMed ID

28603000

DOI

10.1016/j.hrthm.2017.06.005

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