Title

Relationship of Ejection Fraction and Natriuretic Peptide Trajectories in Heart Failure with Baseline Reduced and Mid-Range Ejection Fraction.

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

8-25-2021

Publication Title

American Heart Journal

Abstract

BACKGROUND: The prognostic importance of trajectories of neurohormones relative to left ventricular function over time in heart failure with reduced and mid-range EF (HFrEF and HFmrEF) is poorly defined.

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) and B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) trajectories in HFrEF and HFmrEF.

METHODS: Analyses of LVEF and BNP trajectories after incident HF admissions presenting with abnormal LV systolic function were performed using three methods: a Cox proportional hazards model with time-varying covariates, a dual longitudinal-survival model with shared random effects, and an unsupervised analysis to capture three discrete trajectories for each parameter.

RESULTS: Among 1,158 patients (68.9 ± 13.0 years, 53.3% female), both time-varying LVEF measurements (p=0.001) and log-transformed BNP measurements (p=2 × 10

CONCLUSION: Although LVEF trajectories have greater temporal variation, BNP trajectories provide additive prognostication and an even stronger association with survival times in heart failure patients with abnormal LV systolic function.

Volume

Online ahead of print

DOI

10.1016/j.ahj.2021.08.015

ISSN

1097-6744

PubMed ID

34453882

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