Evaluation of intracoronary hyperoxemic oxygen therapy in acute anterior myocardial infarction: The IC-HOT study.
Catheterization and cardiovascular interventions : official journal of the Society for Cardiac Angiography & Interventions
Background: In the randomized AMIHOT-II trial, supersaturated oxygen [SSO2 ] delivered into the left anterior descending (LAD) artery via an indwelling intracoronary infusion catheter following primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) significantly reduced infarct size in patients with anterior ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) but resulted in a numerically higher incidence of safety events.
Objectives: The IC-HOT study evaluated the safety of SSO2 therapy selectively delivered to the left main coronary artery (LMCA) for 60 minutes after PCI in patients with anterior STEMI.
Methods: SSO2 therapy was administered to the LMCA after stent implantation in 100 patients with anterior STEMI and proximal or mid-LAD occlusion presenting within 6 hours of symptom onset. The primary endpoint was the 30-day composite rate of net adverse clinical events (NACE) (death, reinfarction, clinically driven target vessel revascularization, stent thrombosis, severe heart failure, or TIMI major/minor bleeding) compared against an objective performance goal of 10.7%. Cardiac magnetic resonance imaging was performed at 4 and 30 days to assess infarct size.
Results: SSO2 delivery was successful in 98% of patients. NACE at 30 days occurred 7.1% of patients (meeting the primary safety endpoint of the study); there were no deaths, only one stent thrombosis and one case of severe heart failure. Median [interquartile range] infarct size was 24.1% [14.4%, 31.6%] at 4 days and 19.4% [8.8%, 28.9%] at 30 days.
Conclusion: Following primary PCI in acute anterior STEMI, infusion of SSO2 via the LMCA was feasible and was associated with a favorable early safety profile.
David SW, Khan ZA, Patel NC, Metzger DC, Wood FO, Wasserman HS, Lotfi AS, Hanson ID, Dixon SR, LaLonde TA, Généreux P, Ozan MO, Maehara A, Stone GW. Evaluation of intracoronary hyperoxemic oxygen therapy in acute anterior myocardial infarction: The IC-HOT study. Catheter Cardiovasc Interv. 2019 Apr 1;93(5):882-890. doi: 10.1002/ccd.27905. Epub 2018 Sep 28. PMID: 30265429.