Protocol driven periprocedural anticoagulation for left atrial ablation.
Journal of Cardiovascular Electrophysiology
INTRODUCTION: A weight-based heparin dosing policy adjusted for preprocedural oral anticoagulation was implemented to reduce the likelihood of subtherapeutic dosing during left atrial catheter ablation procedures. We hypothesized that initiation of the protocol would result in a greater prevalence of therapeutic activated clotting time (ACT) values and decreased time to therapeutic ACT during left atrial ablation procedures.
METHODS: A departmental protocol was initiated for which subjects received intravenous unfractionated heparin (UFH) to achieve and maintain a goal of ACT >300 s. Initial bolus dose was adjusted for pre-procedure oral anticoagulation and weight as follows: 50 units/kg for those receiving warfarin, 75 units/kg for those not anticoagulated, and 120 units/kg for those on direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs). A UFH infusion was initiated at 10% of the bolus per hour. One hundred consecutive left atrial ablation procedures treated with Protocol Guided heparin dosing were compared with a retrospective consecutive cohort of Usual Care heparin dosing.
RESULTS: When the Usual Care and Protocol Guided cohorts were compared, significant findings were limited to those on pre-procedure DOAC. The initial UFH bolus increased from 99.3 ± 24.8 to 118.2 ± 22.8 units/kg (p < .001), the proportion of therapeutic ACT on the first draw after heparin administration increased from 57.7% to 76.6% (p = .010), and the time to therapeutic ACT after UFH administration decreased from 37.8 ± 19.8 to 30.2 ± 16.4 min (p = .032).
CONCLUSION: A weight-based protocol for periprocedural UFH administration resulted in a higher proportion of therapeutic ACT values and decreased the time to therapeutic ACT for those on pre-procedure DOAC.
Bradley CJ, Williamson BD, George J, Haines DE. Protocol driven periprocedural anticoagulation for left atrial ablation. J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol. 2021 Mar;32(3):639-646. doi: 10.1111/jce.14892. Epub 2021 Feb 2. PMID: 33476459.