Title

Long-term prognostic impact of CT-Leaman score in patients with non-obstructive CAD: Results from the COronary CT Angiography EvaluatioN For Clinical Outcomes InteRnational Multicenter (CONFIRM) study.

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

3-15-2017

Publication Title

International journal of cardiology

ISSN

1874-1754

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Non-obstructive coronary artery disease (CAD) identified by coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA) demonstrated prognostic value. CT-adapted Leaman score (CT-LeSc) showed to improve the prognostic stratification. Aim of the study was to evaluate the capability of CT-LeSc to assess long-term prognosis of patients with non-obstructive (CAD).

METHODS: From 17 centers, we enrolled 2402 patients without prior CAD history who underwent CCTA that showed non-obstructive CAD and provided complete information on plaque composition. Patients were divided into a group without CAD and a group with non-obstructive CAD (

RESULTS: Patient mean age was 56±12years. At follow-up (mean 59.8±13.9months), 183 events occurred (53 MI, 99 all-cause deaths and 31 late revascularizations). CT-LeSc was the only multivariate predictor of MI (HRs 2.84 and 2.98 in two models with Framingham and risk factors, respectively) and of MI plus all-cause mortality (HR 2.48 and 1.94 in two models with Framingham and risk factors, respectively). This was confirmed by a net reclassification analysis confirming that the CT-LeSc was able to correctly reclassify a significant proportion of patients (cNRI 0.28 and 0.23 for MI and MI plus all-cause mortality, respectively) vs. baseline model, whereas SIS did not.

CONCLUSION: CT-LeSc is an independent predictor of major acute cardiac events, improving prognostic stratification of patients with non-obstructive CAD.

Medical Subject Headings

Aged; Cause of Death; Computed Tomography Angiography; Coronary Angiography; Coronary Artery Disease; Coronary Vessels; Female; Follow-Up Studies; Global Health; Humans; Male; Predictive Value of Tests; Prognosis; Prospective Studies; Registries; Risk Assessment; Risk Factors; Time Factors

Volume

231

First Page

18

Last Page

25

PubMed ID

28082093

DOI

10.1016/j.ijcard.2016.12.137

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